April 17, 2024
Examining size growth of marine crocodiles in the Jurassic period
Visual representation of major measurements used, with particular focus on the: A, skull; B, forelimb; C, hindlimb; D, pelvis; E, body length. See Table 1 for the corresponding abbreviations. Credit: Papers in Palaeontology (2023). DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1529

The State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart has a globally important collection of marine reptiles with numerous specimens from the time of the so-called Posidonia Shale. The outstanding feature of the ca. 183-182 million year old fossils from southwestern Germany is their extremely good, often complete preservation.

The fossils are therefore not only beautiful exhibits, but also invaluable to science. Based on sixty-two fossils from the Posidonia Shale, a team from the State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart led by paleontologist Dr. Michela Johnson, conducted a study on the growth rate of the marine crocodile Macrospondylus bollensis.

This work represents one of the first studies on the growth of marine crocodiles known as teleosauroids. In their analyses, the scientists found that much of the body in these crocodiles grew isometrically. This means that in Macrospondylus bollensis many parts of the body show a near-uniform growth in all age stages in relation to the total growth. This is very unusual in vertebrates. The research results have now been published in the journal Papers in Palaeontology.

The teleosauroids represent a successful, nearly worldwide group of marine crocodilians from the Early Jurassic to the Early Cretaceous, and were particularly common in the 182 million year old Posidonia Shale Formation in Southwestern Germany. How these animals grew from a fifty-centimeter baby to a five-meter adult has been little studied.

In their study, the paleontologists examined the growth rates of the most abundant teleosauroid, Macrospondylus bollensis, because several body sizes and biological growth stages of the animals have been preserved in the Posidonia Shale of southwestern Germany. Many fossil specimens of the animals are in the collections of the Stuttgart Museum of Natural History.

The scientists performed on sixteen juveniles, seven subadults, and thirty-nine adult specimens of Macrospondylus. Twenty-one cranial and skeletal measures were included.

“The most important finding of our study is that juvenile, subadult and adult individuals show nearly equal growth in many areas of the body. We also call this isometric growth, which is unusual in vertebrates. But that’s why Macrospondylus juveniles look quite similar to adults,” said Dr. Michela Johnson.

In many vertebrates, individual body parts, such as the legs, grow either faster or slower than other parts of the body. The analyses also show that the scaling of the limbs in Macrospondylus is different from that of modern alligators and crocodiles, but comparable to that of the now critically endangered Indian gavial, Gavialis gangeticus.

Why isometric growth was present in Macrospondylus bollensis is still unclear. “Our study raises new questions about the ecology and lifestyle of these , which we hope to clarify with further research,” said Dr. Michela Johnson.

More information:
Michela M. Johnson et al, Evaluating growth in Macrospondylus bollensis (Crocodylomorpha, Teleosauroidea) in the Toarcian Posidonia Shale, Germany, Papers in Palaeontology (2023). DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1529

Citation:
Examining size growth of marine crocodiles in the Jurassic period (2023, October 12)
retrieved 12 October 2023
from https://phys.org/news/2023-10-size-growth-marine-crocodiles-jurassic.html

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