May 21, 2024
Climate change and carnivores: Shifts in the distribution and effectiveness of protected areas in the Amazon
Map of the study area. Map of the Amazon Biome (solid light green color), corresponding to the study area. All protected areas (PA) of the Biome are represented on the map in solid dark green. The arc of deforestation is represented in striped form. Credit: PeerJ (2023). DOI: 10.7717/peerj.15887

A new article published in PeerJ, authored by Camila Ferreira Leão at Universidade Federal do Pará sheds light on the effects of climate change on carnivorous mammals in the Amazon and their representation within Protected Areas (PAs). “Climate change and carnivores: shifts in the distribution and effectiveness of protected areas in the Amazon,” reveals alarming findings about the vulnerable status of these animals and the effectiveness of conservation measures.

Carnivorous mammals, integral to the Amazon’s ecosystem maintenance and functioning, are increasingly at risk due to human interference, especially and deforestation. As these impacts escalate, it becomes crucial to understand how carnivore distribution and persistence are affected, particularly in the tropical region of the Amazon.

The research underscores the urgent need for robust conservation strategies to mitigate the potential loss of carnivore species in the Amazon. The study provides critical insights for policymakers and conservationists, emphasizing the necessity to adapt to address the specific challenges posed by climate change on carnivores.

The study employed Species Distribution Models (SDMs) to evaluate the of 16 carnivore species in the Amazon, projecting into the future under two climate scenarios for the year 2070. By incorporating bioclimatic and vegetation cover variables, the research team assessed the potential area loss and climate suitability for these species, as well as the efficacy of existing Protected Areas in safeguarding their future.

Key findings of the study are:

  1. Negative Impact of Climate Change: The SDMs projected a reduction in the potential distribution of carnivore species under both future climate scenarios. In the first scenario, five species are predicted to be negatively affected by climate change, increasing to eight species in the second scenario. This highlights the urgent need for targeted to protect these vulnerable animals.
  2. Loss of Climatic Suitability: All species analyzed demonstrated a loss of climatic suitability, with some facing an almost complete loss of suitable habitat under the second scenario. This indicates the severity of climate change’s impact on carnivores’ ability to thrive in their current environments.
  3. Protected Areas’ Limited Effectiveness: Despite the presence of Protected Areas, the study found that they may not be as effective in safeguarding carnivore species as anticipated. The Gap analysis revealed that the PAs failed to demonstrate significant protection in terms of species richness, and their ability to retain species richness was not substantially different from chance expectations.

As we grapple with the global climate crisis, this research serves as a wakeup call to act swiftly and decisively to protect the Amazon’s biodiversity and the that play a vital role in its preservation.

More information:
Camila Ferreira Leão et al, Climate change and carnivores: shifts in the distribution and effectiveness of protected areas in the Amazon, PeerJ (2023). DOI: 10.7717/peerj.15887

Journal information:
PeerJ


Citation:
Climate change and carnivores: Shifts in the distribution and effectiveness of protected areas in the Amazon (2023, September 29)
retrieved 29 September 2023
from https://phys.org/news/2023-09-climate-carnivores-shifts-effectiveness-areas.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no
part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.


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